Social law as part of public law includes those regulations that serve to achieve the state’s constitutional goal of creating a welfare state.
Article 20 I of the Basic Law contains the state’s mandate to uphold the welfare state principle. In order to fulfill this mandate, social law was created, essentially standardized in the social codes (SGB I – XII).
The central leitmotifs in social law are the idea of social security and social justice. These require, for example, that social law should enable every citizen to have a dignified existence. Furthermore, social law should protect people in Germany from so-called typical, social and existence-threatening risks, such as loss of earnings due to illness or unemployment. Social law should also enable disadvantaged people, such as the disabled, to participate largely independently in social life. This is only a small excerpt of the regulatory intentions in social law.