As a cross-sectional legal area, food law is primarily part of public law and includes all legal regulations that deal with the production and trade of food in the broadest sense.

Food law is primarily intended to ensure the protection of consumers from the health risks posed by harmful foods. Food law accordingly includes legal norms regarding the production, quality assurance, distribution and labeling of food. Food law also regulates food competition. In food law, the state is particularly responsible for food monitoring.

Zu den wesentlichen Inhalten im Lebensmittelrecht gehören unter anderem:

  • Food safety
  • Food hygiene
  • Food labeling
  • food additives
  • Penalty and fine regulations in food law
  • Competition regulations


Food law is decisively shaped by a large number of EU regulations and requirements in order to ensure uniform regulation of food rules in the European internal market. The central EU regulation is the EU’s basic regulation on food law (Regulation (EC) No. 178/2002). There are also many other EU regulations, directives or other EU legal acts.

At the national level, food law is regulated in particular in the Food, Consumer Goods and Feed Code (LFGB). Based on the LFGB, numerous legal regulations have been issued, which primarily serve to implement European directives, for example the food labeling regulation or the diet regulation.

On the following pages we will try to provide you with as much information as possible about the area of food law.

We also recommend the following pages on the subject of food law: