Examination law is part of administrative law and affects all legal provisions that deal in particular with the implementation of state-organized and legally regulated examinations and assessments of examination achievements in Germany.

Examinations in examination law include those related to the profession. The right to examine is based on the fundamental right to freedom of occupation (Article 12 of the Basic Law), since examinations are particularly relevant for the later choice and practice of a career and incorrect examinations or examination assessments in examination law therefore represent an interference with freedom of occupation.

Zu den Prüfungen im Prüfungsrecht gehören unter anderem:

  • Abiturprüfung
  • Abitur exam
  • Civil service assessments
  • University exams
  • University theses (e.g. state examination, diploma, bachelor’s, master’s thesis)
  • Dissertation oder Habilitation

If an examination is not carried out correctly (e.g. an examiner is biased) or an examination performance is incorrectly evaluated in accordance with examination law, the right to effective legal protection under Article 19 of the Basic Law requires that one be able to take action against these errors.

Depending on the federal state, the examinee can either lodge an objection against the examination decision or take legal action directly before the administrative court and thus have the assessment of the examination performance reviewed by the court.


The examination right is regulated in particular in the federal university framework law, the state administrative procedural laws, the university laws and the respective examination regulations.

On the following pages we will try to provide you with as much information as possible about audit law.

We also recommend the following pages on the subject of audit law: